Maryland: An Original Part of the 13 Colonies
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Maryland is one of the original 13 colonies of the great story of “Colonial America”. And it happened along the English Eastern seaboard. Now, apart from the whole story being incomplete and complex due to the many more colonial outposts by Spanish, French, Dutch and Russian, even before the English began to establish their own, all of the original 13 colonies are those who came together to form the United States.
The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas which consists of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The 13 colonies then are as follows: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. Maryland is one of the Southern Colonies together with Virginia, the Carolinas and Georgia. Apparently, the 4th colony to be established.
The Middle and Southern Colonies are divided by a line of latitude — the Mason-Dixon Line (1763). This line, bordering Pennsylvania apart from Maryland was surveyed by two English mathematicians Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon. And below this line, the colonies lived life in a very different way from those of the north.
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Maryland was founded by an English nobleman named Lord Baltimore. Once found, the land was then named the Province of Maryland (“Terra Mariae”) in honor of the queen consort of King Charles I, but later became just “Maryland”.
Sir George Calvert, a.k.a. Lord Baltimore, was a very shrewd politician and proves to still have a promising political career today but his charts went down due to his conversion to Catholicism. At that time, it was a rare and brave move due to King Henry VIII of England created his own religion so that the English won’t be catholic. It was basically a political suicide for Lord Baltimore, but being all about religious freedom, he planned on using his remaining political clout to establish a colony with this intention. Unfortunately, he died before making this official in Maryland so his son, Sir Cecil Calvert continued his dream.
Maryland’s early settlers took advantage of its abundant natural resources, such as the Chesapeake Bay and its rich farmlands. The climate was temperate, rendering the people have an easier lifestyle as opposed to the colonies above them experiencing harsh winters. Not only that, but also the freedom granted unto them through the Act of Toleration, a document that promised religious freedom even for Protestants. Along with their common ground for practicing religion however they wish, these people prospered and passed along this mindset for peace.